Parts of a Guitar

Somebody call a guitar doctor!!! My nut is loose! Okaaayyyyy………

Believe it or not, there is a part of the guitar which is called the nut. In this article, we will be looking at the names of some of the most crucial “bits”, that is, the guitar anatomy or parts of a guitar that you should know about and be aware of. Why? Because if there is a problem with your guitar, you need to be able to somewhat understand what that problem is. In addition, knowing about the different parts of the guitar is also interesting, it aids in the understanding of your guitar lessons and can make you appreciate the instrument on a different level than just playing it.

Let us look at some of the most basic, yet crucial parts of the guitars anatomy.

Parts of a Guitar

The Fretboard

The fretboard is where you place your fingers to play your chords, solos, melodies and so on. Basically, without the fretboard, there can be no music because without the fretboard, there can be no guitar.

On the board you have separate frets. A given fret is always spaced a half step away from the next. If you counted the space between two frets, you would have a whole step.

Often, you may hear people talk about how many frets there are on a guitar. The more frets there are, the higher range is available as you climb up the guitar.

Tuning pegs

These are the small pieces that you use to tune your guitar with. When you turn the pegs one way, you tighten the string tension. And turn it the other way and you loosen string tension.

Headstock or Head or Machine head

This is the top of the guitar. This is where your tuning pegs are placed and where you insert your six strings when changing them. The headstock of your guitar usually has the name of the guitar brand you are playing written on there.

Sometimes it may even have the specific model (Think of the Gibson Les Paul, and the Fender Stratocaster)

The Nut

In the beginning, I joked about my nut being loose. The nut is the little piece of plastic or wood that is found where the fret meets the head stock. If the nut really happens to be loose, you may want to have it fixed or replaced by a guitar technician.

Sound Hole

This is where the sound comes out of your acoustic or classical guitar. An electric guitar will not have a sound hole since electric guitars rely on pickups to create and produce the sound.

The Rosette

The rosette is the circular part that surrounds the sound hole. It is often painted in a beautiful artistic pattern or may even include gorgeous inlay.

Soundhole and Rose

Bridge Nut or Saddle

Yep, there is one more nut! First, the bridge is located at the end or bottom of the guitar where the strings are inserted. (So, when changing strings, you insert them near the bridge and tie or connect them with the pegs on the machine head.)

The saddle will often have small white bone or plastic inserts which hold the strings down. This is usually found on acoustic and steel string guitars.

On a classical guitar, you tie the nylon strings at the end of the bridge. So there is a difference in setup and string changing when it comes to classical guitars and steel string guitars. See the anatomy of a steel string acoustic guitar.

Pick Guard

The pick guard is a very thin piece of plastic that is mounted on the bottom of the guitar under your high E string. Not all guitars have a pick guard. The function of a pick guard is, as its name indicates, to prevent scratches or dents made from your guitar pick as you play and may hit the bottom part of the guitar when playing.



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